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News and Treatment Updates

Here's where you'll find a regularly updated, broad range of articles written by the AAMDSIF team, allied health organizations and news organizations. By staying well-informed, patients and families are practicing a form of self-support that will help them be more effective self-advocates when engaging with health care providers.

NMDP and CIBMTR share new, promising stem cell transplantation trial data using mismatched, unrelated donors at the 2024 EHA Congress

Originally Published: 06/14/2024
Article Source: External Web Content
MINNEAPOLIS, June 14, 2024 — NMDPSM, a global nonprofit leader in cell therapy, and the CIBMTR® (Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research®) announced interim results from the ACCESS trial as an oral abstract during the European Hematology Association (EHA) Annual Meeting in Madrid, Spain. The study demonstrated that adults with hematologic malignancies who received peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplant from HLA-mismatched unrelated donors (MMUD) followed by post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD) prophylaxis exhibited a 79% overall...

FDA approves imetelstat for low- to intermediate-1 risk myelodysplastic syndromes with transfusion-dependent anemia

Originally Published: 06/06/2024
Article Source: External Web Content
On June 6, 2024, the Food and Drug Administration approved imetelstat (Rytelo, Geron Corporation), an oligonucleotide telomerase inhibitor, for adults with low- to intermediate-1 risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with transfusion-dependent anemia requiring four or more red blood cell units over 8 weeks who have not responded to or have lost response to or are ineligible for erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). Full prescribing information for Rytelo will be posted here. Efficacy was evaluated in IMerge (NCT02598661), a randomized (2:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter...

Blood and guts: how the intestinal microbiome shapes hematopoiesis and treatment of hematologic disease

Originally Published: 04/25/2024
Article Source: External Web Content
Abstract Over the past 10 years, there has been a marked increase in recognition of the interplay between the intestinal microbiome and the hematopoietic system. Despite their apparent distance in the body, a large literature now supports the relevance of the normal intestinal microbiota to steady-state blood production, affecting both hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells as well as differentiated immune cells. Microbial metabolites enter the circulation where they can trigger cytokine signaling that influences hematopoiesis. Furthermore, the state of the microbiome is now recognized to...

Trends in Volumes and Survival After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Racial/Ethnic Minorities

Originally Published: 04/25/2024
Article Source: External Web Content
Key Points The number of autoHCT and alloHCT grew faster in Non-Hispanic African Americans and Hispanics compared to Non-Hispanic Whites. Survival after autoHCT and alloHCT improved over time for all racial/ ethnic groups, though African Americans have worse outcomes. There has been an increase in volume as well as improvement in overall survival (OS) after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for hematologic disorders. It is unknown if these changes have impacted racial/ethnic minorities equally. In this observational study from Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant...

Alternative donor transplantation for severe aplastic anemia: a comparative study of the SAAWP EBMT

Originally Published: 04/21/2024
Article Source: External Web Content
Key Points SCT from MUD offers superior survival outcomes for severe aplastic anemia compared to both MMUD and Haplo. The decision between a MMUD or Haplo donor in the absence of an available MUD remains uncertain. Selecting the most suitable alternative donor becomes challenging in severe aplastic anemia (SAA) when a matched sibling donor (MSD) is unavailable. We compared outcomes in SAA patients undergoing SCT from matched unrelated donors (MUD, n=1106), mismatched unrelated donors (MMUD, n=340), and haploidentical donors (Haplo, n=206) registered in the EBMT database (2012-2021). For...

Comparison of Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation with Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide versus Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation in Adult Patients with Aplastic Anemia

Originally Published: 09/18/2023
Article Source: External Web Content
Highlights Haploidentical stem cell transplantation with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy-haplo) and umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) achieved similar overall survival in adult patients with aplastic anemia. The rate of neutrophil engraftment was higher in the PTCy-haplo group than in the UCBT group. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease was similar in the 2 groups. Failure-free survival in patients age <40 years was higher in the PTCy-haplo group. ABSTRACT Aplastic anemia patients who are refractory to immunosuppressive therapy or...

Health-Related Quality of Life and Vulnerability among People with Myelodysplastic Syndromes: A US National Study

Originally Published: 05/03/2023
Article Source: External Web Content
Key Points In MDS, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was worse for vulnerable participants and those with worse prognosis. Lower-risk MDS was associated with better HRQoL, but this relationship was lost among the vulnerable. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and vulnerability are variably affected in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and other cytopenic states; however, the heterogeneous composition of these diseases has limited our understanding of these domains. The NHLBI-sponsored MDS Natural History Study (NCT02775383) is a prospective cohort enrolling patients...

Real-World Validation of Molecular International Prognostic Scoring System for Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Originally Published: 03/17/2023
Article Source: External Web Content
ABSTRACT PURPOSE Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous myeloid neoplasms in which a risk-adapted treatment strategy is needed. Recently, a new clinical-molecular prognostic model, the Molecular International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-M) was proposed to improve the prediction of clinical outcome of the currently available tool (Revised International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS-R]). We aimed to provide an extensive validation of IPSS-M. METHODS A total of 2,876 patients with primary MDS from the GenoMed4All consortium were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS IPSS-M improved...

Blood test identifies acute myeloid leukemia patients at greater risk for relapse after bone marrow transplant

Originally Published: 03/07/2023
Article Source: External Web Content
A small portion of adults in remission from a deadly blood cancer had persisting mutations detected, which predicted their risk of death from having the cancer return Researchers at the National Institutes of Health show the benefits of screening adult patients in remission from acute myeloid leukemiaexternal link (AML) for residual disease before receiving a bone marrow transplant. The findings, published in JAMAexternal link, support ongoing research aimed at developing precision medicine and personalized post-transplant care for these patients. About 20,000 adults in the United States are...

New CEO appointed to lead the Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Originally Published: 11/30/2022
Article Source: Press Release
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE The Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation 401 N. Washington Street, Suite 430 Rockville, MD 20850 U.S.A. New CEO appointed to lead the Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation Bethesda, MD, (November 30, 2022) -- The Board of Directors of the Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation (AAMDSIF) is pleased to announce the appointment of Brad A. Wong as Chief Executive Officer and Executive Director.  Starting December 5, 2022, Mr. Wong will take the reins of the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and...